Here are some interesting and fascinating facts about South Africa.

  • South Africa has the longest “Wine Route” in the world. Route 62 is approximately 850 kilometers long from Cape Town to Port Elizabeth.
  • South Africa is 5 times the size of Japan and 3 times the size of Texas (with a total of 1,221,037 km²) 
  • 20% of the world’s gold is mined in South Africa.
  • The largest diamond in the world was found in South Africa in 1905: called the “Cullinan” diamond, it was a rough diamond with a weight of 3,106.75 carats.
  • The first heart transplant took place in 1967 in South Africa. It was performed by Doctor Chris Barnard at the “Groote Schuur” hospital in Cape Town.
  •  Table Mountain has a variety of more than 1500 species of plants.
  • South Africa has 11 official languages ​​in total: English, Afrikaans, isiZulu, isiXhosa, Sesotho, Setwsana, Sepedi, Xitsonga, siSwati, isiNdebele and Tshivenda. After India and Zimbabwe, it is the third country in the world with the highest number of official languages.
  • South Africa has the cheapest electricity in the world!
  • South Africa is home to the smallest plants (herbs) in the world (less than a centimeter) and also the largest with the baobab.
  • South Africa is the largest producer of Macadamia nuts in the world.
  • Surprisingly enough South Africa has a “winter season”.Since it is on the African continent, most people imagine that it is always sunny and warm… But there are 4 seasons in South Africa too, especially a cold season. In winter, it can be 0 ° C in cities and even colder in mountainous regions.
  • The country has 3 capitals and it is the only one in the world that has this status. The administrative capital is in Pretoria, the legislative capital is in Cape Town, while Bloemfontein is the judicial capital
  • The marula tree is unique in the world and only grows to cross the plains of subequatorial Africa in the wild. It’s not even possible to grow it;So far no one has succeeded.
  • The South African flag, adopted in 1994 under Frederik De Klerk after a major national consultation, is the only one in the world with six colours  and each has a meaning. Black, yellow and green are the colours of the ANC party; the red, white and blue those of the English and Dutch flags. The Y symbolizes the convergence and union of the different elements.
  • In the huge canton of Soweto, each type of housing has a nickname. The barracks with the rounded tin roof (like the back of the elephants) are called “elephant houses”, the slums “huts” (shack), the shops lined up in the same building “train shops” … And the traditional maisonette of brick bears the name of “matchbox”!
  • The South African penguin is one of the most unique peguins in the world. It does not fly for example and  Its wings have adapted and turned into fins. Result: it can dive up to 130 m deep and stay underwater for 2 and a half minutes!

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